II. Epidemiology

  1. HIV patients with neurologic complications: 39-70%

III. Symptoms: Common presentations

  1. Seizures
  2. Headache
  3. Fever
  4. Focal neurological deficits
    1. See Focal Brain Lesion in HIV
  5. Aseptic Meningitis at time of seroconversion
    1. See Acute Retroviral Syndrome
    2. CSF shows lymphocytic Pleocytosis and high protein

IV. Associated Conditions: Neurologic

  1. AIDS Dementia Complex
  2. HIV related Myelopathy
  3. HIV Related Neuropathy
  4. Headache in HIV
  5. Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
    1. Presents with Headache, Blurred Vision, Seizures, personality or cognitive changes
    2. MRI demonstrates solitary white matter lesions with mild edema
    3. Diagnosed with CSF Examination, brain biopsy
  6. CNS Infections
    1. See Focal Brain Lesion in HIV
    2. HIV-Related Encephalopathy
    3. Cryptococcal Meningitis
    4. Toxoplasmosis (CNS Infection)
    5. Neurosyphilis
    6. Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy
    7. Viral meningoencephalitis
      1. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
      2. Herpes Simplex VirusEncephalitis (HSV Encephalitis)
      3. Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV)

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Related Studies

Ontology: HIV infection with neurologic disease (C0858255)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
Dutch HIV-infectie met neurologische ziekte
French Infection à VIH avec atteinte neurologique
German HIV-Infektion mit neurologischer Erkrankung
Italian Infezione da HIV con malattia neurologica
Portuguese Infecção HIV com doença neurológica
Spanish Infección por VIH con enfermedad neurológica
Japanese 神経疾患を伴うHIV感染, シンケイシッカンヲトモナウHIVカンセン
Czech HIV infekce s neurologickým onemocněním
English HIV infection with neurologic disease
Hungarian HIV fertőzés neurologiai betegséggel