II. Epidemiology

IV. Screening: Common Medical Conditions affecting patients over age 75

VII. Exam: Head and Neck

  1. Face
    1. Facial asymmetry (e.g. neurovascular disease)
    2. Frontal bossing (Paget's Disease)
  2. Eyes
    1. Vision Loss (Macular Degeneration, Cataracts, Glaucoma)
  3. Ears
    1. Hearing Loss
  4. Mouth
    1. Oral Lesions (denture fit,, Leukoplakia)
    2. Xerostomia (e.g. Diabetes Mellitus, Sjogren's Syndrome, Anticholinergic Medications)
  5. Neck
    1. Carotid Bruit
    2. Thyroid mass

VIII. Exam: Trunk

  1. Heart Exam
  2. Lung Exam
  3. Abdomen
    1. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
    2. Constipation (drug-related, Colon Cancer, dehydration)
    3. Fecal Incontinence (e.g. Fecal Impaction)
    4. Rectal bleeding
  4. Genitourinary
    1. Vaginal Atrophy
    2. Prostate enlargement
    3. Urinary Incontinence

IX. Exam: Extremity

  1. Feet
    1. Bunions, Callus, and non-healing sores
    2. Peripheral Vascular Disease
    3. Venous Insufficiency
  2. Joints
    1. Painful range of motion
    2. Antalgic Gait
  3. Neurologic
    1. Ataxia
    2. Parkinsonian Tremor

X. Prevention: Counseling for over age 65 years

XI. Prevention: Screening

  1. See Health Maintenance in Adults
  2. Precautions
    1. Take Life Expectancy into account when discussing cancer screening
    2. Breast and Colorectal Cancer Screening is not recommend if <10 year Life Expectancy
    3. Paradoxically, the healthiest patients are screened less than those in with the lowest Life Expectancy
  3. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening with Abdominal Ultrasound
    1. Screen men between ages 65 to 75 if any history of Tobacco abuse (consider in women)
  4. Breast Cancer Screening with Mammograms
    1. Every other year in women up to age 75 AND
    2. May continue based on shared decision making IF at least 10 years Life Expectancy
  5. Cervical Cancer Screening with Pap Smears
    1. May be discontinued after age 65 unless dysplasia history or inadequate prior screening
  6. Colorectal Cancer Screening
    1. See Colon Cancer Screening with Colonoscopy for recommended intervals
    2. Routine screening until age 75 years and may be considered in age 76 to 85 years
    3. Stop screening when Life Expectancy <10 years
  7. Prostate Cancer Screening
    1. Controversial at any age
    2. Avoid screening over age 70 years OR Life Expectancy <10 to 15 years
  8. Osteoporosis Screening
    1. See Osteoporosis Screening
  9. Lung Cancer Screening CT Chest
    1. Adults 55 to 77 years old with >30 pack year history of smoking AND
    2. Currently smoking or quit within last 15 years

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Ontology: Geriatrics (C0017469)

Definition (NCI) The branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to elderly people.
Definition (MSH) The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.
Definition (PSY) Medical subdiscipline which deals with the problems of old age and aging.
Concepts Biomedical Occupation or Discipline (T091)
MSH D005853
SnomedCT 394336003, 393386001, 394811001
LNC LP97119-9
Swedish Geriatrik
English Gerontological, geriatrics (field), geriatric medicine (field), geriatric medicine, geriatrics medicine, Geriatric medicine (qualifier value), Geriatric medicine, Gerontology, Gerontology / Geriatrics, Geriatrics, geriatrics
Czech geriatrie
Finnish Geriatria
Polish Gerontologia, Geriatria
Norwegian Geriatri
Spanish geriatría (calificador), geriatría, Geriatría
French Gériatrie
German Geriatrie
Italian Geriatria
Dutch Geriatrie
Portuguese Geriatria