II. Definitions

  1. Frailty
    1. Physiologic decline with advancing age, with associated increased risk of adverse health outcomes
    2. Findings include slow gait, Unintentional Weight Loss, sedentary
  2. Sarcopenia
    1. Catabolic age-related loss of muscle mass and strength
    2. Findings include reduced grip strength, gait speed and muscle mass

III. Diagnosis: Frailty (Three or more of the following criteria)

  1. Unintentional Weight Loss of at least 10 lb (4.5 kg) in the last year
  2. Self-reported exhaustion
  3. Weakness (decreased grip strength)
  4. Slow walking speed
  5. Low Physical Activity

IV. Management

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Ontology: Frailty (C0424594)

Concepts Finding (T033)
ICD10 R54
SnomedCT 248279007
Dutch geringe belastbaarheid
French Fragilité
German Gebrechlichkeit
Italian Fragilità
Portuguese Fragilidade
Spanish Estado debilitado, debilidad (hallazgo), debilidad
Japanese 虚弱, キョジャク
Czech Křehkost, slabost
English frailty (diagnosis), frailty, Frailty (finding), Frailty
Hungarian Törékenység

Ontology: Sarcopenia (C0872084)

Definition (MSH) Progressive decline in muscle mass due to aging which results in decreased functional capacity of muscles.
Definition (CSP) loss of skeletal muscle mass, quality and strength; may be associated with aging.
Concepts Finding (T033)
MSH D055948
Japanese 筋肉減少症, キンニクゲンショウショウ
Czech Sarkopenie, sarkopenie
English Sarcopenia, Sarcopenias, Sarcopenia [Disease/Finding], sarcopenia
French Sarcopénie, Sarcoporose
German Muskelschwund, Sarkopenie
Italian Sarcopenia
Portuguese Sarcopenia
Spanish Sarcopenia
Russian SARKOPENIIA, САРКОПЕНИЯ
Swedish Sarkopeni
Polish Sarkopenia
Hungarian Sarcopenia
Norwegian Sarkopeni
Dutch sarcopenie