II. Causes

  1. Acute exposure to sudden loud noise >130 dB noise
    1. See Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss
    2. Acute acoustic Trauma induced Hearing Loss may resolve over subsequent 48 hours
  2. Chronic, recurrent, or single severe loud noise exposure (>85 dB noises)
    1. Textile mills
    2. Firearms
    3. Rock concert
    4. Explosion

III. Symptoms

  1. Hearing Loss (typically High Frequency)
  2. Tinnitus

IV. Signs: Audiometry

  1. Early: Pure tone (notch) loss between 3000-6000 hz
  2. Later: progresses to other frequencies

V. Management

  1. Refer to Otolaryngology and Audiology
  2. Hearing Aid

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Related Studies

Ontology: Noise-induced hearing loss (C0018781)

Definition (NCI) A condition in which a person loses the ability to hear due to exposure to high intensity sound.
Definition (MSH) Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
MSH D006317
ICD9 388.12
SnomedCT 155246004, 73415002
English Hearing Loss, Noise Induced, Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced, Noise-Induced Hearing Loss, NIHL - Noise-ind hearing loss, HEARING LOSS NOISE IND, noise induced hearing loss (diagnosis), noise induced hearing loss, Noise-induced hearing loss, Noise induced hearing loss, Hearing loss d/t noise, Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced [Disease/Finding], hearing loss noise induced, hearing induced loss noise, noise-induced hearing loss, NIHL - Noise-induced hearing loss, hearing; loss, noise-induced, loss; hearing, noise-induced, Noise Induced Hearing Loss, Noise-induced hearing loss (finding), Noise-induced hearing loss (disorder)
Dutch geluidsgeïnduceerd gehoorverlies, gehoor; verlies, door lawaai, verlies; gehoor, door lawaai, Lawaaislechthorendheid, Slechthorendheid, lawaai-, Trauma, akoestisch
French Perte auditive induite par le bruit, Déficience auditive due au bruit, Perte d'audition due au bruit, Perte auditive due au bruit, Surdité due au bruit
German durch Laerm verursachter Hoerverlust, Lärmtrauma, Schwerhörigkeit, Lärm-
Italian Perdita di udito indotta da rumore, Perdita dell'udito indotta da rumore, Ipoacusia da trauma acustico
Portuguese Défice auditivo provocado pelo ruído, Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído
Spanish Pérdida de audición inducida por el ruido, pérdida auditiva por efectos del ruido (hallazgo), pérdida auditiva por efectos del ruido (trastorno), pérdida de la audición inducida por ruido (trastorno), pérdida auditiva por efectos del ruido, hipoacusia inducida por ruido, pérdida de la audición inducida por ruido, Pérdida Auditiva Provocada por Ruido
Japanese 騒音性難聴, ソウオンセイナンチョウ
Swedish Bullerskador
Czech nedoslýchavost z hluku, Hlukem indukovaná ztráta sluchu, ztráta sluchu z hluku
Finnish Meluvamma
Polish Uraz akustyczny, Utrata słuchu pohałasowa
Hungarian Zaj okozta hallásvesztés, Zaj által kiváltott hallásvesztés
Norwegian Hørselstap, støyfremkalt, Støyframkalt hørselstap, Støyfremkalt hørseltap, Støyforårsaket hørseltap