#### II. Advantages: Compared with MMSE

1. Free for clinical use
1. In contrast, MMSE was initially taught as a free, gold standard exam in medical school, and later required a fee for clinical use
2. Identifies mild cognitive disorders
1. In contrast, MMSE is often normal in mild cognitive disorders, especially with college education

#### III. Components: 11 Questions for a total of 30 points

1. Orientation: 3 (day of the week, year, U.S. state) - 3 points
2. Memory: Remember 5 objects (Apple, Pen, Tie, House, Car) - 5 points on correct recall
3. Calculation: Start with \$100 and spend \$3, then \$20; how much is spent and how much remains - 2 points
4. Name as many animals as possible in 5 minutes - 3 points for 15 or more, 2 points for 10 or more, 1 point for 5 or more
5. Reverse number sequences (87, 649, 8537) - 1 point 946, 1 point for 7358
6. Given a clock face, write the hour markers 1-12 and place the hands on the clock at 10 minutes to eleven - 1 point for correct markers and 1 point for correct time
7. From 3 shapes (square, triangle, rectangle), choose the triangle and choose the largest - 1 point for each of the 2 tasks
8. A brief story is read and patient answers four questions about it - 2 points for each of the 4 questions

#### IV. Interpretation: High School Education

1. Normal: 27-30
2. Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (MNCD): 21-26
3. Dementia: 20 or less

#### V. Interpretation: High School Education

1. Normal: 25-30
2. Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (MNCD): 20-24
3. Dementia: 19 or less

#### VI. Resources

1. Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) PDF
1. http://medschool.slu.edu/agingsuccessfully/pdfsurveys/slumsexam_05.pdf