II. Epidemiology: Incidence of Health Care Associated Infection

  1. Summary (in United States)
    1. Total: 700,000 cases/year
    2. Responsible for 75,000 deaths/year (equivalent to the seventh leading cause of death in U.S. )
  2. By Cause (in United States)
    1. Surgical Site Infection: 157,500 cases/year
    2. Urinary Catheter associated Urinary Tract Infection: 93,300 cases/year
    3. Clostridium difficile: 80,400 cases/year
    4. Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection: 71,900 cases/year
    5. Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: 49,900 cases/year

IV. Prevention

  1. See specific types of Health Care Associated Infection
  2. Hand hygiene before and after procedures
  3. Insert devices only while using sterile technique, only when absolutely indicated and for no longer than absolutely necessary

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