II. Epidemiology

  1. Common in children and developmentally disabled

III. Etiology

  1. Inorganic Materials (Beads, Pebbles, Wax, Button batteries)
  2. Organic Materials (Beans, Peas)
    1. Tend to swell and soften
    2. Makes removal more difficult

IV. Signs

  1. Unilateral foul smelling discharge
  2. Nasal obstruction
  3. Vasoconstriction makes foreign body more easily seen

V. Precautions

  1. Do not push posteriorly (May result in aspiration)
  2. Button batteries and magnets require immediate removal
    1. Risk of Septal perforation, nasal adhesions, saddle deformity

VI. Management: Patient attempts to expell foreign body

  1. Blow nose with opposite nare occluded
  2. Trial of insufflation
    1. Occlude opposite nostril (e.g. with finger)
    2. Parent blows into mouth (or with Ambu Bag)
    3. Avoid using excessive pressure or volume
    4. Forces air through nostril with foreign body (glottis typically closes as a reflex)

VII. Management: Clinician attempted removal in clinic or emergency department

  1. Pretreatment
    1. Phenylephrine 0.5% (Neo-Synephrine) or Afrin
    2. Topical anesthetic (e.g. Lidocaine via Intranasal Mucosal Atomization Device or MAD)
    3. Conscious Sedation may be required in young or developmentally delayed patients
      1. Exercise caution with Sedation in Nasal Foreign Body (risk of posterior displacement)
      2. Consider deferring Sedation and removal to otolaryngology in operating room
  2. Airway protection
    1. Position the patient to reduce risk of posterior foreign body displacement
  3. Procedures and Instruments
    1. See Ear Foreign Body for other techniques
    2. Nasal speculum
      1. May increase visibility
    3. Katz Extractor
      1. http://www.inhealth.com/category_s/49.htm
    4. Fogarty or Foley Catheter (lubricated 5-6 french catheter)
      1. Insert behind foreign body, inflate balloon and then pull out with foreign body
      2. Avoid forcing the obstruction posteriorly
    5. Forceps (Alligator or bayonet)
    6. Cerumen curette

VIII. Management: Referral

  1. Most foreign bodies may be safely deferred to ENT for removal in 1-2 days
    1. Batteries (esp. button batteries) and magnets should be removed emergently (local necrosis risk)
    2. Posterior foreign bodies may risk airway obstruction and may require more urgent removal
  2. Referral Indications
    1. Foreign body refractory to removal attempts (posterior or hidden)
    2. Chronic foreign body with significant localized reaction
    3. Young or developmentally delayed patients requiring Conscious Sedation
    4. Significant Trauma on attempted removal
    5. Sharp, penetrating or hooked foreign body

IX. References

  1. Claudius and Brown (2017) Crit Dec Emerg Med 31(12): 13-20
  2. Claudius, Behar and Stoner in Herbert (2015) EM:Rap 15(11):2-3
  3. Chan (2004) J Emerg Med 26: 441-5 [PubMed]
  4. Heim (2007) Am Fam Physician 76: 1185-9 [PubMed]
  5. Kalan (2000) Postgrad Med J 76: 484-7 [PubMed]

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Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window

Ontology: Foreign body in nose (C0161008)

Concepts Finding (T033)
ICD9 932
ICD10 T17.1
SnomedCT 211625005, 157553008, 74699008
English foreign body of nose (diagnosis), foreign body of nose, nasal cavity foreign body (___ cm), foreign body of nasal cavity, foreign body of nasal cavity (physical finding), Foreign body in nose NOS, bodies foreign nasal, nasal foreign body, Foreign body (in);nose, foreign body nose, nose foreign body, bodies foreign nose, Foreign body in nose NOS (disorder), Nasal foreign body (disorder), Nasal foreign body, Foreign body in nose, FB - Nasal foreign body, Foreign body in nose (disorder), foreign body; nose, foreign body in nose
Spanish Cuerpo extraño en nariz, cuerpo extraño en nariz, SAI (trastorno), cuerpo extraño en nariz, SAI, cuerpo extraño en la nariz (trastorno), cuerpo extraño en la nariz
Portuguese Corpo estranho no nariz
French Corps étranger dans le nez
Czech Cizí těleso v nose
German Fremdkoerper in der Nase
Italian Corpo estraneo nel naso
Dutch vreemd lichaam in neus, corpus alienum; neus
Japanese 鼻内異物, ビナイイブツ
Hungarian Idegentest az orrban

Ontology: Foreign body in nostril (C0274245)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
ICD10 T17.1
SnomedCT 33890007
English foreign body of nostril (diagnosis), foreign body of nostril, Foreign body in nostril, Foreign body in nostril (disorder), foreign body; nostril
German Fremdkoerper im Nasenloch
Korean 콧구멍의 이물
Dutch corpus alienum; neusgat, Corpus alienum in neusgat
Spanish cuerpo extraño en las narinas (trastorno), cuerpo extraño en las narinas